Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Synthetic and structural studies on syringolin A and B reveal critical determinants of selectivity and potency of proteasome inhibition

Clerc, J., Groll, M., Illich, D. J., Bachmann, A. S., Huber, Robert, Schellenberg, B., Dudler, R. and Kaiser, M. 2009. Synthetic and structural studies on syringolin A and B reveal critical determinants of selectivity and potency of proteasome inhibition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (16) , pp. 6507-6512. 10.1073/pnas.0901982106

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Syrbactins, a family of natural products belonging either to the syringolin or glidobactin class, are highly potent proteasome inhibitors. Although sharing similar structural features, they differ in their macrocyclic lactam core structure and exocyclic side chain. These structural variations critically influence inhibitory potency and proteasome subsite selectivity. Here, we describe the total synthesis of syringolin A and B, which together with enzyme kinetic and structural studies, allowed us to elucidate the structural determinants underlying the proteasomal subsite selectivity and binding affinity of syrbactins. These findings were used successfully in the rational design and synthesis of a syringolin A-based lipophilic derivative, which proved to be the most potent syrbactin-based proteasome inhibitor described so far. With a Ki′ of 8.65 ± 1.13 nM for the chymotryptic activity, this syringolin A derivative displays a 100-fold higher potency than the parent compound syringolin A. In light of the medicinal relevance of proteasome inhibitors as anticancer compounds, the present findings may assist in the rational design and development of syrbactin-based chemotherapeutics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: enzyme inhibitor; natural product; X-ray analysis; syrbactins
Publisher: The National Academy of Sciences of the USA
ISSN: 0027-8424
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 08:51
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/22347

Citation Data

Cited 63 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 79 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item