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The use of toxicogenomics to identify biomarkers of exposure in an airway epithelium model exposed to tobacco smoke components

Sexton, Keith John, Balharry, Dominique Clare, Jones, Timothy Peter and Berube, Kelly Ann 2006. The use of toxicogenomics to identify biomarkers of exposure in an airway epithelium model exposed to tobacco smoke components. Presented at: European Respiratory Society (ERS) Annual Congress, Munich, Germany, 2-6 September 2006. European Respiratory Society,

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Abstract

A novel toxicological tool, which consists of a differentiated, 3-D, in vitro model of human respiratory epithelia, i.e. EpiAirway-100 cells (MatTek Corp., USA), was utilized to examine the early gene response(s) following exposure to tobacco smoke components (TSC). EpiAirway-100 cells were exposed at the air/liquid interface to representative particle (nicotine [thrombogenic]; cadmium [cytotoxic]) and vapour phase (formaldehyde and urethane [xenobiotic metabolism]) components of cigarette smoke. Toxicogenomics was carried out to identify early molecular markers for events in pulmonary injury. It was necessary to optimize the dose and exposure time since the objective was to identify biomarkers involved with toxicant stress rather than studying dead or dying cells using conventional toxicology. Microarray technology (SuperArray) was employed to compare patterns of mRNA expression of human genes associated with toxicology and drug resistance, simultaneously, from control and TSC-treated respiratory epithelia (n=5 per dose). Using gene array software and stringent statistical analyses, a candidate gene list was generated. The resultant gene lists were sub-classified into functional groups (e.g. Apoptosis, Cell Cycle and Cell Growth, Proliferation and Differentiation), to facilitate the investigations into the mechanisms/biological endpoints for individual TSC, i.e. intelligent biomarkers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Biosciences
Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
Last Modified: 06 Sep 2018 23:57
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/21780

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