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The potential and limitations of utilising head impact injury models to assess the likelihood of significant head injury in infants after a fall

Cory, Corrina Zoey, Jones, Michael David, James, Deryk Simon, Leadbetter, Stephen and Nokes, Leonard Derek Martin 2001. The potential and limitations of utilising head impact injury models to assess the likelihood of significant head injury in infants after a fall. Forensic Science International 123 (2-3) , pp. 89-106. 10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00523-0

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Abstract

The use of engineering principles in assessing head injury scenarios is of increasing significance in investigations into suspected child abuse. A fall scenario is often given as the history for a head injury to an infant. This paper addresses the basic engineering principles and factors to be considered when calculating the severity of a head impact after free-fall. The application of head injury models (HIMs) to ascertain the forces involved in childhood head injuries from impact is also discussed. Previous studies including Duhaime et al. [J. Neurosurg. 66 (1987) 409] and Nokes et al. [Forensic Sci. Int. 79 (1995) 85] have utilised HIMs for this purpose: this paper reviews those models most widely documented. The HIM currently considered the ‘state-of-the-art’ is the head injury criterion (HIC) and it is suggested that this model should be utilised for assessing head impact injury in child abuse cases where appropriate.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA1001 Forensic Medicine. Medical jurisprudence. Legal medicine
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Uncontrolled Keywords: Head injury; Biomechanics; Head injury models; Child abuse; Childhood falls
ISSN: 0379-0738
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 08:38
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/2139

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