Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Integration of electric vehicles into distribution networks

Papadopoulos, Panagiotis 2012. Integration of electric vehicles into distribution networks. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
Item availability restricted.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (3MB) | Preview
[img] PDF - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (78kB)

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to investigate the impact of electric vehicle battery charging on grid demand at a national level and on the steady state parameters of distribution networks. An agent-based control system that coordinates the battery charging of electric vehicles according to electric vehicle owner preferences, distribution network technical limits and electricity prices was designed and developed and its operation was tested experimentally. The impact on grid demand peak increases at the national systems of Great Britain and Spain was evaluated using low and high electric vehicle uptake levels of 7% and 48.5% of the car fleet for the year 2030 with a deterministic method. It was found that a low uptake will not raise significantly the grid demand peaks in both countries under investigation. However, a high uptake will raise significantly the grid demand peaks. The impact from residential electric vehicle battery charging on steady state voltages, power line losses, transformers’ and cables’ loadings of distribution networks was evaluated using a deterministic and a probabilistic method. It was found that low and medium uptake levels of electric vehicles equivalent to 12.5% and 33% per residential area of 384 customers in 2030, can be safely accommodated by reinforcing the distribution network. A combination of reinforcements, installation of microgenerators and control of electric vehicle battery charging will be required to accommodate safely a high uptake of 71% with regards to the constraints studied. An agent-based control system that coordinates the battery charging of electric vehicles was designed and developed. Search techniques and neural networks were used for the decision making processes. The ability of the agent-based control system to operate successfully in both normal and abnormal conditions for the electrical network was proved with experimental validation in the laboratory of Tecnalia research institute in Spain.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electric vehicles; Distribution network; Multi-agent system; Power systems impact studies; Deterministic and probabilistic analysis; Smart grids
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 22:32
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/19539

Citation Data

Cited 4 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics