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A novel role for c-Jun N-terminal kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase in the liver X receptor-mediated induction of macrophage gene expression

Huwait, Etimad, Greenow, Kirsty Rhian, Singh, Nishi and Ramji, Dipak Purshottam 2011. A novel role for c-Jun N-terminal kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase in the liver X receptor-mediated induction of macrophage gene expression. Cellular Signalling 23 (3) , pp. 542-549. 10.1016/j.cellsig.2010.11.002

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Abstract

Liver X receptors (LXRs) are ligand-dependent transcription factors that are activated by metabolites of cholesterol, oxysterols, and a number of synthetic agonists. LXRs play potent anti-atherogenic roles in part by stimulating the efflux of cholesterol from macrophage foam cells. The LXR-induced expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABC)-A1 and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) in macrophages is essential for the stimulation of cholesterol efflux and the prevention of atherosclerotic development. Unfortunately, the signaling pathways underlying such regulation are poorly understood and were therefore investigated in human macrophages. The expression of ApoE and ABCA1 induced by synthetic or natural LXR ligands [TO901317, GW3965, and 22-(R)-hydroxycholesterol (22-(R)-HC), respectively] was attenuated by inhibitors of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) (curcumin and SP600125) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) (LY294002). Similar results were obtained with ABCG1 and LXR-α, two other LXR target genes. LXR agonists activated several components of the JNK pathway (SEK1, JNK and c-Jun) along with AKT, a downstream target for PI3K. In addition, dominant negative mutants of JNK and PI3K pathways inhibited the LXR-agonists-induced activity of the ABCA1 and LXR-α gene promoters in transfected cells. LXR agonists also induced the binding of activator protein-1 (AP-1), a key transcription factor family regulated by JNK, to recognition sequences present in the regulatory regions of the ApoE and ABCA1 genes. These studies reveal a novel role for JNK and PI3K/AKT signaling in the LXR-regulated expression in macrophages of several key genes implicated in atherosclerosis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Apolipoprotein E; Atherosclerosis; ATP-binding cassette tranporter A1; gene expression; liver X receptor; macrophages; signaling
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0898-6568
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:17
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/19397

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