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Prognostic implications of carboxyl-terminus of Hsc70 interacting protein and lysyl-oxidase expression in human breast cancer

Mokbel, Kefah, Patani, Neill, Jiang, Wen Guo and Newbold, Robert 2010. Prognostic implications of carboxyl-terminus of Hsc70 interacting protein and lysyl-oxidase expression in human breast cancer. Journal of Carcinogenesis 9 (1) , pp. 9-17. 10.4103/1477-3163.72505

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Abstract

Background: Ubiquitin modification of proteins influences cellular processes relevant to carcinogenesis. CHIP (carboxyl-terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein) is a chaperone-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase, regulating the stability of heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) interacting proteins. CHIP is implicated in the modulation of estrogen receptor (ESR1) and Her-2/neu (ERBB2) stability. LOX (lysyl-oxidase) serves intracellular roles and catalyses the cross-linking of extracellular matrix (ECM) collagens and elastin. LOX expression is altered in human malignancies and their peri-tumoral stroma. However, paradoxical roles are reported. In this study, the level of mRNA expression of CHIP and LOX were assessed in normal and malignant breast tissue and correlated with clinico-pathological parameters. Materials and Methods: Breast cancer (BC) tissues (n = 127) and normal tissues (n = 33) underwent RNA extraction and reverse transcription; transcript levels were determined using real-time quantitative PCR and normalized against CK-19. Transcript levels were analyzed against TNM stage, nodal involvement, tumor grade and clinical outcome over a ten-year follow-up period. Results: CHIP expression decreased with increasing Nottingham Prognostic Index (NPI): NPI-1 vs. NPI-3 (12.2 vs. 0.2, P = 0.0264), NPI-2 vs. NPI-3 (3 vs. 0.2, P = 0.0275). CHIP expression decreased with increasing TNM stage: TNM-1 vs. TNM-2 (12 vs. 0, P = 0.0639), TNM-1 vs. TNM-2-4 (12 vs. 0, P = 0.0434). Lower transcript levels were associated with increasing tumor grade: grade 1 vs. grade 3 (17.7 vs. 0.3, P = 0.0266), grade 2 vs. grade 3 (5 vs. 0.3, P = 0.0454). The overall survival (OS) for tumors classified as 'low-level expression', was poorer than those with 'high-level expression' (118.1 vs. 152.3 months, P = 0.039). LOX expression decreased with increasing NPI: NPI-1 vs. NPI-2 (3 vs. 0, P = 0.0301) and TNM stage: TNM-1 = 3854639, TNM-2 = 908900, TNM-3 = 329, TNM-4 = 1.232 (P = NS). Conclusion: CHIP expression is associated with favorable prognostic parameters, including tumor grade, TNM stage and NPI. CHIP expression predicts OS. LOX expression is associated with improved NPI. In addition to their prognostic utility, mechanistic insights into tumor suppressor function may offer potential therapeutic strategies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Breast cancer, prognosis, recurrence, survival, tumor suppressor
Publisher: Medknow Publications
ISSN: 1477-3163
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/19001

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