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Actions of oestrogens and antioestrogens on rat mammary gland development: Relevance to breast cancer prevention

Nicholson, Robert Ian, Gotting, K. E., Gee, Julia Margaret Wendy and Walker, Kate J. 1988. Actions of oestrogens and antioestrogens on rat mammary gland development: Relevance to breast cancer prevention. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry 30 (1-6) , pp. 95-103. 10.1016/0022-4731(88)90081-7

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Abstract

The proliferative actions of a series of antioestrogens on the development of the second thoracic mammary gland of ovariectomized immature Sprague-Dawley rats have been investigated. Evidence is presented that shows trans-tamoxifen, LY 117018 and LY 139481, like oestradiol-17β and cis-tamoxifen, promote full mammary gland ductal development and induce a high rate of cell proliferation in the undifferentiated epithelial cells of the terminal end buds, the main growth region for ductual growth. Conversely, ICI 164,384, a new antioestrogen, is without effect on ductal elongation. In vivo exposure of trans-tamoxifen and LY 117018 treated glands in medically castrated animals to the carcinogen DMBA, results in a high rate of mammary tumour development. Indeed, the actions of these so-called antioestrogens are equivalent to those observed in oestradiol-treated rats.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Medicine
Biosciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-4731
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 02:07
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/17088

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