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Characterization of Candida parapsilosis infection of an in vitro reconstituted human oral epithelium

Silva, Sonia, Henriques, Mariana, Oliveira, Rosario, Azeredo, Joana, Malic, Sladjana, Hooper, Samuel James and Williams, David Wynne 2009. Characterization of Candida parapsilosis infection of an in vitro reconstituted human oral epithelium. European Journal of Oral Sciences 117 (6) , pp. 669-675. 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2009.00677.x

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Abstract

Oral candidosis is a common problem in immunocompromised patients, and whilst Candida albicans is regarded as the principal cause of infection, other non-Candida albicans Candida (NCAC) species are increasingly being recognized as human pathogens. Relatively little is known about the virulence factors associated with NCAC species, and the aim of this study was to use a reconstituted human oral epithelium (RHOE) to examine epithelial infection withCandida parapsilosis. Strains originating from the oral and vaginal mucosa and from the urinary tract were all shown to colonize RHOE in a strain-dependent manner. Strain differences were found in the colonizing morphology and in the extent of invasion of the RHOE. Low invasion of RHOE was detected for strains after 12 h, whereas extensive tissue damage was evident after 24 h when assessed using histological examination and lactate dehydrogenase activity determination. Tissue damage was reduced in the presence of pepstatin A, although C. parapsilosis invasion of the tissue was not inhibited. Real-time polymerase chain reaction of secreted aspartyl proteinase (SAP) genes (SAPP1-3) showed that expression was strain dependent, with an increased expression generally occurring for Candida infecting RHOE compared with planktonic equivalents. In summary, C. parapsilosis was not highly invasive of RHOE but did induce significant tissue damage, which could relate to specific SAPgene expression.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0909-8836
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:03
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/16063

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