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Non-healing is associated with persistent stimulation of the innate immune response in chronic venous leg ulcers

Pukstad, Brita S., Ryan, Liv, Flo, Trude H., Stenvik, Jørgen, Moseley, Ryan, Harding, Keith Gordon, Thomas, David William and Espevik, T. 2010. Non-healing is associated with persistent stimulation of the innate immune response in chronic venous leg ulcers. Journal of Dermatological Science 59 (2) , pp. 115-122. 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2010.05.003

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Abstract

Background: The molecular pathogenesis of chronic skin wounds is complex and not fully understood. Although these wounds are often characterized as being in a state of persistent inflammation, the impact and participation of the innate immune responses in sustaining this inflammation needs further investigation. Objective: We investigated the cytokine profiles, Toll-like receptor (TLR)-stimulating activities and the levels of the antibacterial peptide Lipocalin-2 (Lcn-2) in a series of healing and non-healing chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLUs) through a study time of 8 weeks. Methods: Wound fluids from healing and non-healing CVLUs were run on a Human Cytokine Antibody Array, and Lcn-2 levels measured with ELISA. HEK 293 cells transfected with TLR2 or TLR4 and their respective co-receptors, and human peripheral blood monocytes were then stimulated with the wound fluids from healing and non-healing venous leg ulcers. Results: Healing wounds were associated with decreasing levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta and MIP-1 delta, whereas in non-healing wounds decreasing levels of IL-8 and MIP-1 alpha were found. Accordingly, wound fluid from non-healing CVLUs contained persistent Lcn-2 levels and TLR2- and TLR4-stimulating activities, while, in healing wounds, the TLR-stimulating activities decreased over time with significantly diminished levels of Lcn-2 (p < 0.005). Conclusions: Innate immune responses contribute to the chronic inflammation in non-healing CVLUs through participation of Toll-like receptors. The levels of the antimicrobial peptide Lcn-2 in wound fluids from these ulcers are elevated as a reflection of this contribution. (C). 2010 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > RL Dermatology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chronic venous leg ulcer (CVLU); Toll-like receptor (TLR); Wound fluid; Lipocalin-2 (Lcn-2)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0923-1811
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2017 02:13
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/16032

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