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Review of mechanisms involved in the apparent differential desensitization of beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptor-mediated functional responses

Broadley, Kenneth John 1999. Review of mechanisms involved in the apparent differential desensitization of beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptor-mediated functional responses. Journal of Autonomic Pharmacology 19 (6) , pp. 335-345. 10.1111/j.1365-2680.1999.tb00006.x

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Abstract

1 There has been considerable debate whether responses mediated via β1- and β2-adrenoceptors (β1ARs and β2ARs) display the same degree of desensitization after prolonged or repeated exposure to agonists. 2 Examples are provided for selective desensitization of functional responses and loss of binding sites for β1ARs. Equally, examples are given of selective desensitization and down-regulation involving β2ARs. 3 This review examines whether receptor subtype-selective desensitization of βAR-mediated responses can occur and whether even within the same subtype, there may be tissue-selective desensitization. Possible reasons why apparent selectivity of desensitization of functional responses may occur are considered and are divided into methodological and non-methodological factors. 4 Methodological factors discussed are: the concentration of agonist used for inducing desensitization and the washout times before construction of the post-incubation concentration-response curve (CRC), the need for correction of CRCs from time-matched controls, and the methods adopted for plotting CRCs. 5 Four non-methodological factors are considered. Firstly, the roles of different receptor reserves for the responses of each tissue can have an important effect on whether desensitization is apparent; a large reserve will make desensitization less likely to be apparent. Secondly, there is more than one site at which desensitization occurs; receptors are uncoupled from adenylyl cyclase activation, there is an additional site at the level of stimulation of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and βARs may ultimately be down-regulated. These processes may differ depending on the tissue and conditions and this may influence whether differential desensitization occurs between tissues. Thirdly, the apparent degree of desensitization after washout of an agonist can depend upon the rate of resensitization. Experiments to overcome this problem are described which demonstrate βAR desensitization in the continued presence of agonist. Finally, the role of up-regulation of PDE in desensitization is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Publisher: Blackwell Science
ISSN: 1474-8673
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/15389

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