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Model catalyst studies of the strong metal-support interaction: surface structure identified by STM on Pd nanoparticles on TiO2(110)

Bowker, Michael, Stone, Peter, Morrall, Peter, Smith, Rupert, Bennett, Roger, Perkins, Neil, Kvon, Ren, Pang, Chi, Fourre, Elodie and Hall, Matthew Scott 2005. Model catalyst studies of the strong metal-support interaction: surface structure identified by STM on Pd nanoparticles on TiO2(110). Journal of catalysis 234 (1) , pp. 172-181. 10.1016/j.jcat.2005.05.024

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Abstract

Model catalysts of Pd nanoparticles and films on TiO2(110) were fabricated by metal vapour deposition (MVD). Molecular beam measurements show that the particles are active for CO adsorption, with a global sticking probability of 0.25, but that they are deactivated by annealing above 600 K, an effect indicative of SMSI. The Pd nanoparticles are single crystals oriented with their (111) plane parallel to the surface plane of the titania. Analysis of the surface by atomic resolution STM shows that new structures have formed at the surface of the Pd nanoparticles and films after annealing above 800 K. There are only two structures, a zigzag arrangement and a much more complex “pinwheel� structure. The former has a unit cell containing 7 atoms, and the latter is a bigger unit cell containing 25 atoms. These new structures are due to an overlayer of titania that has appeared on the surface of the Pd nanoparticles after annealing, and it is proposed that the surface layer that causes the SMSI effect is a mixed alloy of Pd and Ti, with only two discrete ratios of atoms: Pd/Ti of 1:1 (pinwheel) and 1:2 (zigzag). We propose that it is these structures that cause the SMSI effect.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Uncontrolled Keywords: SMSI ; Strong metal–support interaction ; Pd nanoparticles ; CO adsorption ; STM
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 00219517
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:39
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1403

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