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Quantum field theory in curved spacetime, the operator product expansion, and dark energy

Hollands, Stefan and Wald, Robert M. 2008. Quantum field theory in curved spacetime, the operator product expansion, and dark energy. General Relativity and Gravitation -London then Dordrecht- 40 (10) , pp. 2051-2059. 10.1007/s10714-008-0672-y

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Abstract

To make sense of quantum field theory in an arbitrary (globally hyperbolic) curved spacetime, the theory must be formulated in a local and covariant manner in terms of locally measurable field observables. Since a generic curved spacetime does not possess symmetries or a unique notion of a vacuum state, the theory also must be formulated in a manner that does not require symmetries or a preferred notion of a “vacuum state” and “particles”. We propose such a formulation of quantum field theory, wherein the operator product expansion (OPE) of the quantum fields is elevated to a fundamental status, and the quantum field theory is viewed as being defined by its OPE. Since the OPE coefficients may be better behaved than any quantities having to do with states, we suggest that it may be possible to perturbatively construct the OPE coefficients—and, thus, the quantum field theory. By contrast, ground/vacuum states—in spacetimes, such as Minkowski spacetime, where they may be defined—cannot vary analytically with the parameters of the theory. We argue that this implies that composite fields may acquire nonvanishing vacuum state expectation values due to nonperturbative effects. We speculate that this could account for the existence of a nonvanishing vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor of a quantum field occurring at a scale much smaller than the natural scales of the theory.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quantum field theory ; Curved spacetimes ; Operator product expansion ; Dark energy
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 0001-7701
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 13:26
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/13886

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