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Perceptual learning in humans: Roles of preexposure schedule, feedback, and discrimination assay

Dwyer, Dominic M., Hodder, Kathryn I. and Honey, Robert Colin 2004. Perceptual learning in humans: Roles of preexposure schedule, feedback, and discrimination assay. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. B: Comparative and Physiological Psychology 57 (3) , pp. 245-259. 10.1080/02724990344000114

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Abstract

In three experiments, humans received preexposure to two compound flavours (AX and BX: saline–lemon and sucrose–lemon) that were presented either in an intermixed (e.g., AX, BX,... BX, AX,...) or a blocked (e.g., AX, AX,... BX, BX...) fashion. Subsequently, AXwas paired with an unpleasant bitter taste, and the discriminability of AX and BX was assessed using the accuracy of same/different judgements and by the extent to which any learned dislike of AX generalized to BX. When participants received feedback about the accuracy of their same/different judgements during preexposure those given intermixed preexposure were more accurate in making these judgements during the test than those given blocked preexposure (Experiments 1 and 2A), however, there was no evidence of any learned dislike in these experiments. In Experiment 2B, in which participants did not receive feedback about the accuracy of their judgements, there was no effect of the preexposure regime on same/different judgements, but there was a learned dislike of AX, and this generalized less to BX in participants given intermixed than in those given blocked preexposure. The beneficial effects of intermixed preexposure are consistent with results from other species (chicks and rats), but the differences created by the presence or absence of feedback place constraints on the analysis of these effects.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISSN: 0272-4995
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:55
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/13866

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