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Comparison of survival, palliation and quality of life with three chemotherapy regimens  in metastatic colorectal cancer: a multi-centre randomised trial

Maughan, Timothy Stanley, James, R.D., Kerr, D.J, Ledermann, J.A., McArdie, C., Seymour, M.T., Cohen, D., Hopwood, P., Johnston, C. and Stephens, R.J. 2002. Comparison of survival, palliation and quality of life with three chemotherapy regimens  in metastatic colorectal cancer: a multi-centre randomised trial. The Lancet 359 (9317) , pp. 1555-1563. 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)08514-8

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Abstract

Background This randomised trial compared three chemotherapy regimens in the first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer, in terms of their effect on overall and progression-free survival; other endpoints included toxicity, symptom palliation, and quality of life. Methods 905 patients were randomly assigned the de Gramont regimen (n=303; folinic acid 200 mg/m2, fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m2, and infusion 600 mg/m2 on days 1 and 2, repeated every 14 days), the Lokich regimen (n=301; protracted venous infusion of fluorouracil 300 mg/m2 daily), or raltitrexed (n=301; 3 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days). Analyses were by intention to treat. Findings Median follow-up of survivors was 67 weeks. For the de Gramont, Lokich, and raltitrexed groups, respectively, median survival was 294, 302, and 266 days. The hazard ratios for overall survival were 0·88 (95% Cl 0·70–1·12, p=0·17) for de Gramont versus Lokich, and 0·99 (0·79–1·25, p=0·94) for de Gramont versus raltitrexed. An increase in treatment-related deaths was seen on raltitrexed (de Gramont one, Lokich two, raltitrexed 18) due to combined gastrointestinal and haematological toxicity. Patients' assessment of quality of life showed that raltitrexed was inferior to the fluorouracil-based regimens, especially in terms of palliation and functioning. Interpretation The deGramont and Lokich regimens were similar in terms of survival, quality of life, and response rates. The Lokich regimen was associated with more central line complications and hand-foot syndrome. Raltitrexed showed similar response rates and overall survival to the de Gramont regimen and was easier to administer, but resulted in greater toxicity and inferior quality of life

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
ISSN: 1474-547X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/135

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