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Machine learning methods for clustering architectural precedents - classifying the relationship between building and ground

Alymani, Abdulrahman, Jabi, Wassim and Corcoran, Padraig 2020. Machine learning methods for clustering architectural precedents - classifying the relationship between building and ground. Presented at: 38th Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe(eCAADe 2020), Virtual, 16-18 September 2020. Published in: Werner, L. and Koering, D. eds. Anthropologic: Architecture and Fabrication in the cognitive age - Proceedings of the 38th eCAADe Conference. TU Berlin, pp. 643-652.

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Abstract

Every time an object is built, it creates a relationship with the ground. Architects have a full responsibility to design the building by taking the ground into consideration. In the field of architecture, using data mining to identify any unusual patterns or emergent architectural trends is a nascent area that has yet to be fully explored. Clustering techniques are an essential tool in this process for organising large datasets. In this paper, we propose a novel proof-of-concept workflow that enables a machine learning computer system to cluster aspects of an architect's building design style with respect to how the buildings in question relate to the ground. The experimental workflow in this paper consists of two stages. In the first stage, we use a database system to collect, organise and store several significant architectural precedents. The second stage examines the most well-known unsupervised learning algorithm clustering techniques which are: K-Means, K-Modes and Gaussian Mixture Models. Our experiments demonstrated that the K-means clustering algorithm method achieves a level of accuracy that is higher than other clustering methods. This research points to the potential of AI in helping designers identify the typological and topological characteristics of architectural solutions and place them within the most relevant architectural canons.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Publisher: TU Berlin
Related URLs:
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 September 2020
Date of Acceptance: 16 September 2020
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2020 15:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/134938

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