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The association between health literacy and colorectal cancer screening uptake in a publicly funded screening program in Denmark: cross-sectional study

Horshauge, Petricia Marie, Gabel, Pernille, Larsen, Mette Bach, Kirkegaard, Pia, Edwards, Adrian and Andersen, Berit 2020. The association between health literacy and colorectal cancer screening uptake in a publicly funded screening program in Denmark: cross-sectional study. Preventive Medicine Reports 19 , 101132. 10.1016/j.pmedr.2020.101132

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Abstract

There are multiple reasons for not participating in colorectal cancer screening, but the role of health literacy in screening uptake is not well understood. The aims of this study were to determine the association between health literacy and colorectal cancer screening uptake and to explore whether socioeconomic and -demographic characteristics and worry and attitude variables modify this association. In a cross-sectional study, 10,030 53–74-year-old randomly selected citizens resident in Central Denmark Region received a questionnaire assessing health literacy using the European Health Literacy Survey Short Scale 16-item. Data on colorectal cancer screening uptake were obtained from the Danish Colorectal Cancer Screening database, and socioeconomic and -demographic data were linked from Statistics Denmark. The response rate was 71% (n = 7142). Odds ratio (OR) for uptake was 1.06 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.96, 1.19) for problematic health literacy and 1.00 (95% CI: 0.87, 1.16) for inadequate health literacy, when using adequate health literacy as the reference value. The association was not modified by socioeconomic or -demographic characteristics, worry or attitude. No association was found between health literacy and colorectal cancer screening uptake. Future research needs to clarify which dimensions of health literacy may predict screening uptake and how it is best measured.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2211-3355
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 July 2020
Date of Acceptance: 23 May 2020
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2020 09:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/133834

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