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Effect of bath temperature on optical and morphology properties of CdS thin films grown by chemical bath deposition

Rondiya, Sachin, Rokade, Avinash, Gabhale, Bharat, Pandharkar, Subhash, Chaudhari, Madhavi, Date, Abhijit, Chaudhary, Minakshi, Pathan, Habib and Jadkar, Sandesh 2017. Effect of bath temperature on optical and morphology properties of CdS thin films grown by chemical bath deposition. Energy Procedia 110 , pp. 202-209. 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.128

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Abstract

Synthesis of CdS thin films were carried out onto glass substrates by chemical bath deposition (CBD) method using CdCl2asCd2+ and thiourea as S2-ion source with ammonia as a complexing agent. Influence of bath temperature on structural,morphology and optical properties has been systematically and carefully investigated. XRD analysis revealed that the synthesizedCdS films are nanocrystalline having hexagonal structure with (002) preferential orientation. Estimated crystallite size was foundin the range 16-32 nm. The UV-Visible spectroscopy analysis showed that the films have high transmission (> 70%) in visibleand NIR region of solar spectrum. Optical band gap was found > 2.3 eV over the entire range of bath temperature studied. TheRaman spectra for the CdS films deposited at various bath temperatures shows a continuous shift of 1 LO phonon peak towardshigher frequency which suggest the improvement of structural order with increase in bath temperature. The increase in theintensity ratio, 2LO/1LO with bath temperature indicates enhancement of crystallinity of CdS films with increase in bathtemperature. The SEM analysis showed that CdS films deposited at various bath temperatures are smooth, homogeneous, andnearly uniform with randomly oriented spherical nanocrystallites.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1876-6102
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 July 2020
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2020 13:45
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/133272

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