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AMPA/kainate glutamate receptor antagonists prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis

Bonnet, Cleo S., Gilbert, Sophie J., Blain, Emma J., Williams, Anwen S. and Mason, Deborah J. 2020. AMPA/kainate glutamate receptor antagonists prevent posttraumatic osteoarthritis. JCI Insight 5 (13) , e134055. 10.1172/jci.insight.134055

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Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorders represent the 3rd greatest burden on health in the developed world. Osteoarthritis is the single greatest cause of chronic pain, has no cure, and affects 8.5 and 27 million in the UK and US respectively. Osteoarthritis commonly occurs after joint injury, particularly affecting younger patients. Painful joints are often treated with injections of steroid or hyaluronic acid (HA), but treatments to prevent subsequent joint degeneration remain elusive. In animals, joint injury increases glutamate release into the joint, acting on nerves to cause pain, and joint tissues to cause inflammation and degeneration. This study investigated synovial fluid glutamate concentrations and glutamate receptor (GluR) expression in injured human joints and compared efficacy of GluR antagonists with current treatments in a mouse model of injury-induced osteoarthritis (ACL rupture). GluRs were expressed in ligament and meniscus after knee injury and synovial fluid glutamate concentrations ranged from 19–129 µM. Intra-articular injection of NBQX (GluR antagonist), administered at the time of injury, substantially reduced swelling and degeneration in the mouse ACL rupture model. HA had no effect and depo-medrone reduced swelling for 1 day, but increased degeneration by 50%. Intra-articular administration of NBQX was both symptom and disease modifying to a greater extent than current treatments. There is an opportunity for repurposing related drugs, developed for CNS disorders, with proven safety in man, to prevent injury-induced osteoarthritis. This could quickly reduce the substantial burden associated with osteoarthritis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Biosciences
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the CC-BY license.
Publisher: American Society for Clinical Investigation
ISSN: 2379-3708
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 June 2020
Date of Acceptance: 29 May 2020
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2020 11:45
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/132682

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