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Modeling to predict factor VIII levels associated with zero bleeds in patients with severe hemophilia A initiated on tertiary prophylaxis

Chowdary, Pratima, Fischer, Kathelijn, Collins, Peter W., Cotterill, Amy, Konkle, Barbara A., Blanchette, Victor, Pipe, Steven W., Berntorp, Erik, Wolfsegger, Martin, Engl, Werner and Spotts, Gerald 2020. Modeling to predict factor VIII levels associated with zero bleeds in patients with severe hemophilia A initiated on tertiary prophylaxis. Thrombosis and Haemostasis 120 (05) , pp. 728-736. 10.1055/s-0040-1709519

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Background Factor VIII (FVIII) trough levels > 1 IU/dL in patients with severe hemophilia A receiving regular prophylaxis may optimize bleed protection. Objectives In this post hoc analysis of patients receiving tertiary prophylaxis for approximately 1 year, the relationship between estimated FVIII levels and reported bleeds was investigated to predict the potential for zero bleeds. Methods Sixty-three patients (median [range] age, 28 [7–59] years) with severe hemophilia A (229 bleeds) were included. FVIII levels at time of each bleed were estimated from single-dose individual pharmacokinetics. The highest estimated FVIII level at which patients experienced a bleed was considered the “potentially effective trough level” for that bleed type. Kaplan–Meier estimates of proportions of patients with no bleeds above certain estimated FVIII levels were determined. Those not experiencing a bleed in the trial were assumed to have a bleed at 0 IU/dL (pragmatic approach) or at their median trough level (conservative approach). Results Kaplan–Meier estimates based on pragmatic approach predicted zero all bleeds, joint bleeds, and spontaneous joint bleeds in 1 year in 40, 43, and 63% of patients, respectively, when the potentially effective trough FVIII level was set at 1 IU/dL. Between 1 and 10 IU/dL, every 1 IU/dL rise in estimated FVIII level was associated with an additional 2% of patients having zero all bleeds. Conclusion This post hoc analysis confirms benefits with trough levels of approximately 1 to 3 IU/dL in most patients starting tertiary prophylaxis; prophylaxis with higher trough levels may help patients to achieve zero bleeds.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Schattauer
ISSN: 0340-6245
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 June 2020
Date of Acceptance: 20 February 2020
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2020 12:45

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