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Reduced complement of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta of mice with a constitutive “low footprint” genetic knockout of alpha-synuclein

Goloborshcheva, Valeria V., Chaprov, Kirill D., Teterina, Ekaterina V., Ovchinnikov, Ruslan and Buchman, Vladimir L. 2020. Reduced complement of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta of mice with a constitutive “low footprint” genetic knockout of alpha-synuclein. Molecular Brain 13 (1) , 75. 10.1186/s13041-020-00613-5

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Abstract

Previous studies of the alpha-synuclein null mutant mice on the C57Bl6 genetic background have revealed reduced number of dopaminergic neurons in their substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). However, the presence in genomes of the studied mouse lines of additional genetic modifications that affect expression of genes located in a close proximity to the alpha-synuclein-encoding Snca gene makes these data open to various interpretations. To unambiguously demonstrate that the absence of alpha-synuclein is the primary cause of the observed deficit of dopaminergic neurons, we employed a recently produced constituent alpha-synuclein knockout mouse line B6(Cg)-Sncatm1.2Vlb/J. The only modification introduced to the genome of these mice is a substitution of the first coding exon and adjusted short intronic fragments of the Snca gene by a single loxP site. We compared the number of dopaminergic neurons in the SNpc of this line, previously studied B6(Cg)-Sncatm1Rosl/J line and wild type littermate mice. A similar decrease was observed in both knockout lines when compared with wild type mice. In a recently published study we revealed no loss of dopaminergic neurons following conditional inactivation of the Snca gene in neurons of adult mice. Taken together, these results strongly suggest that alpha-synuclein is required for efficient survival or maturation of dopaminergic neurons in the developing SNpc but is dispensable for survival of mature SNpc dopaminergic neurons.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1756-6606
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 May 2020
Date of Acceptance: 28 April 2020
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 12:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/131652

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