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Synthesis and biological evaluation of new antitubulin agents containing 2-(3?,4?,5?-trimethoxyanilino)-3,6-disubstituted-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrothieno[2,3-c]pyridine scaffold

Romagnoli, Romeo, Prencipe, Filippo, Oliva, Paola, Cacciari, Barbara, Balzarini, Jan, Liekens, Sandra, Hamel, Ernest, Brancale, Andrea, Ferla, Salvatore, Manfredini, Stefano, Zurlo, Matteo, Finotti, Alessia and Gambari, Roberto 2020. Synthesis and biological evaluation of new antitubulin agents containing 2-(3?,4?,5?-trimethoxyanilino)-3,6-disubstituted-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrothieno[2,3-c]pyridine scaffold. Molecules 25 (7) , 1690. 10.3390/molecules25071690

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Abstract

Two novel series of compounds based on the 4,5,6,7-tetrahydrothieno[2,3-c]pyridine and 4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophene molecular skeleton, characterized by the presence of a 3′,4′,5′-trimethoxyanilino moiety and a cyano or an alkoxycarbonyl group at its 2- or 3-position, respectively, were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for antiproliferative activity on a panel of cancer cell lines and for selected highly active compounds, inhibition of tubulin polymerization, and cell cycle effects. We have identified the 2-(3′,4′,5′-trimethoxyanilino)-3-cyano-6-methoxycarbonyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrothieno[2,3-c]pyridine derivative 3a and its 6-ethoxycarbonyl homologue 3b as new antiproliferative agents that inhibit cancer cell growth with IC50 values ranging from 1.1 to 4.7 μM against a panel of three cancer cell lines. Their interaction with tubulin at micromolar levels leads to the accumulation of cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and to an apoptotic cell death. The cell apoptosis study found that compounds 3a and 3b were very effective in the induction of apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. These two derivatives did not induce cell death in normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, suggesting that they may be selective against cancer cells. Molecular docking studies confirmed that the inhibitory activity of these molecules on tubulin polymerization derived from binding to the colchicine site.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1420-3049
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 4 April 2020
Last Modified: 31 May 2020 16:33
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/131176

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