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Immunolocalization of keratan sulfate in rat spinal tissues using the keratanase generated BKS-1(+) neoepitope: correlation of expression patterns with the slass II SLRPs, lumican and keratocan

Hayes, Anthony J. and Melrose, James 2020. Immunolocalization of keratan sulfate in rat spinal tissues using the keratanase generated BKS-1(+) neoepitope: correlation of expression patterns with the slass II SLRPs, lumican and keratocan. Cells 9 (4) , 826. 10.3390/cells9040826

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Abstract

This study has identified keratan sulfate in fetal and adult rat spinal cord and vertebral connective tissues using the antibody BKS-1(+) which recognizes a reducing terminal N-acetyl glucosamine-6-sulfate neo-epitope exposed by keratanase-I digestion. Labeling patterns were correlated with those of lumican and keratocan using core protein antibodies to these small leucine rich proteoglycan species. BKS-1(+) was not immunolocalized in fetal spinal cord but was apparent in adult cord and was also prominently immunolocalized to the nucleus pulposus and inner annulus fibrosus of the intervertebral disc. Interestingly, BKS-1(+) was also strongly associated with vertebral body ossification centers of the fetal spine. Immunolocalization of lumican and keratocan was faint within the vertebral body rudiments of the fetus and did not correlate with the BKS-1(+) localization indicating that this reactivity was due to another KS-proteoglycan, possibly osteoadherin (osteomodulin) which has known roles in endochondral ossification. Western blotting of adult rat spinal cord and intervertebral discs to identify proteoglycan core protein species decorated with the BKS-1(+) motif confirmed the identity of 37 and 51 kDa BKS-1(+) positive core protein species. Lumican and keratocan contain low sulfation KS-I glycoforms which have neuroregulatory and matrix organizational properties through their growth factor and morphogen interactive profiles and ability to influence neural cell migration. Furthermore, KS has interactive capability with a diverse range of neuroregulatory proteins that promote neural proliferation and direct neural pathway development, illustrating key roles for keratocan and lumican in spinal cord development.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2073-4409
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 28 March 2020
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2020 11:00
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/131088

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