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Association of illicit drug use in adolescence with socioeconomic and criminal justice outcomes in adulthood: prospective findings from a UK national birth cohort

White, James, Bell, Steven and Batty, David 2020. Association of illicit drug use in adolescence with socioeconomic and criminal justice outcomes in adulthood: prospective findings from a UK national birth cohort. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 74 (9) , pp. 705-709. 10.1136/jech-2019-213282

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Abstract

Background Illicit drug use in adolescence has been linked to drug use and poor mental health in adult life, but few studies have examined the relation between adult economic and criminal justice outcomes. Methods We analysed data from 14 082 participants (6999 women) in the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study. Illicit drug use over study members’ lifetime and in the past year were self-reported at 16 years of age. Thirteen outcomes were self-reported at 30 years of age, including illicit drug use, smoking, problems with alcohol, mental and physical health, experience of socioeconomic disadvantage and experiences with the criminal justice system. Results At 16 years of age, 20.3% of the participants had ever tried an illicit drug and 7.2% had used in the past year. After adjustment for childhood socioeconomic status and mental health problems, and following correction for multiple testing, there was a dose–response association between illicit drug use at 16 years with illicit drug use in adult life in the past year (OR; 95% CI – 1.83, 1.51 to 3.12), experiencing homelessness (1.74, 1.16 to 2.62), being arrested (1.57, 1.29 to 1.92) and cautioned (1.97, 1.50 to 2.57) by the police, and being found guilty at court (1.73, 1.34 to 2.23). Conclusions Adolescent drug use was associated with an array of social and criminal outcomes in later life.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Centre for Trials Research (CNTRR)
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 0143-005X
Funders: DECIPHer, UKCRC, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Economic and Social Research Council, Medical Research Council, Welsh Government, Wellocome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 14 April 2020
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2020 13:09
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/130980

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