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FMRP and CYFIP1 at the synapse and their role in psychiatric vulnerability

Clifton, Nicholas E., Thomas, Kerrie L., Wilkinson, Lawrence S, Hall, Jeremy and Trent, Simon 2020. FMRP and CYFIP1 at the synapse and their role in psychiatric vulnerability. Complex Psychiatry 10.1159/000506858

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Abstract

There is increasing awareness of the role genetic risk variants have in mediating vulnerability to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and autism. Many of these risk variants encode synaptic proteins, influencing biological pathways of the postsynaptic density and, ultimately, synaptic plasticity. Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1) and Cytoplasmic FRMP-Interacting Protein (CYFIP1) contain two such examples of highly penetrant risk variants and encode synaptic proteins with shared functional significance. In this Review, we will discuss the biological actions of FMRP and CYFIP1, including their regulation of i) protein translation and specifically FMRP targets, ii) dendritic and spine morphology and iii) forms of synaptic plasticity such as long-term depression. We draw upon a range of preclinical studies that have used genetic dosage models of FMR1 and CYFIP1 to determine their biological function. In parallel, we discuss how clinical studies of Fragile X Syndrome or 15q11.2 deletion patients have informed our understanding of FMRP and CYFIP1 proteins, and highlight the latest psychiatric genomic findings that continue to implicate FMRP and CYFIP1. Lastly, we assess the current limitations in our understanding of FMRP and CYFIP1 biology and how they must be addressed before mechanism-led therapeutic strategies can be developed for psychiatric disorders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
ISSN: 2673-3005
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 March 2020
Date of Acceptance: 27 February 2020
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2020 09:26
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/130336

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