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Genetic risk of dementia modifies the impact of obesity on limbic white matter and spatial navigation behavior in cognitively healthy adults

Mole, Jilu P., Fasano, Fabrizio, Evans, John, Sims, Rebecca, Hamilton, Derek A., Kidd, Emma and Metzler-Baddeley, Claudia 2020. Genetic risk of dementia modifies the impact of obesity on limbic white matter and spatial navigation behavior in cognitively healthy adults. BioRxiv , -.

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Abstract

A family history (FH) of dementia, APOE-ε4 genotype, and obesity are major risk factors for developing Alzheimer’s disease but their combined effects on the brain and cognition remain elusive. We tested the hypothesis that these risk factors affect apparent white matter (WM) myelin and cognition including spatial navigation and processing speed in 166 asymptomatic individuals (38-71 years). Microstructure in temporal [fornix, parahippocampal cingulum, uncinate fasciculus], motor and whole-brain WM was assessed with myelin-sensitive indices from quantitative magnetization transfer [macromolecular proton fraction (MPF)] and axon density from diffusion imaging. Individuals with the highest genetic risk (FH+ and APOE-ε4) compared to those with FH+ alone showed obesity-related reductions in MPF and axon density in the right parahippocampal cingulum. No effects were present for those without FH. Furthermore, FH modulated obesity-related effects on spatial navigation behaviour. In summary, an individual’s genetic dementia risk influenced the impact of obesity on WM myelin and cognition.

Item Type: Article
Status: In Press
Schools: Psychology
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2020 15:06
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/129784

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