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MSH2 and MSH6 in mismatch repair system account for soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) tolerance to cadmium Toxicity by determining DNA damage response

Zhao, Qiang, Wang, Hetong, Du, Yanli, Rogers, Hilary J., Wu, Zhixin, Jia, Sen, Yao, Xingdong, Xie, Futi and Liu, Wan 2020. MSH2 and MSH6 in mismatch repair system account for soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) tolerance to cadmium Toxicity by determining DNA damage response. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 68 (7) , pp. 1974-1985. 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b06599
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Abstract

Our aim was to investigate DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes regulating cadmium tolerance in two soybean cultivars. Cultivars Liaodou 10 (LD10, Cd-sensitive) and Shennong 20 (SN20, Cd-tolerant) seedlings were grown hydroponically on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media containing 0–2.5 mg·L–1 Cd for 4 days. Cd stress induced less random amplified polymorphism DNA (RAPD) polymorphism in LD10 than in SN20 roots, causing G1/S arrest in LD10 and G2/M arrest in SN20 roots. Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of MLH1 in LD10-TRV-MLH1 plantlets showed markedly diminished G1/S arrest but enhanced root length/area under Cd stress. However, an increase in G1/S arrest and reduction of G2/M arrest occurred in SN20-TRV-MSH2 and SN20-TRV-MSH6 plantlets with decreased root length/area under Cd stress. Taken together, we conclude that the low expression of MSH2 and MSH6, involved in the G2/M arrest, results in Cd-induced DNA damage recognition bypassing the MMR system to activate G1/S arrest with the assistance of MLH1. This then leads to repressed root growth in LD10, explaining the intervarietal difference in Cd tolerance in soybean.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0021-8561
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 February 2020
Date of Acceptance: 23 January 2020
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 22:58
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/129362

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