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Discovery of anti-cancer activity for benzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-ones: Very strong correlation to pleurotin and thioredoxin reductase inhibition

Sweeney, Martin, Coyle, Robert, Kavanagh, Paul, Berezin, Andrey A., Lo Re, Daniele, Zissimou, Georgia A., Koutentis, Panayiotis A., Carty, Michael P. and Aldabbagh, Fawaz 2016. Discovery of anti-cancer activity for benzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-ones: Very strong correlation to pleurotin and thioredoxin reductase inhibition. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry 24 (16) , pp. 3565-3570. 10.1016/j.bmc.2016.05.066

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Abstract

The thioredoxin (Trx)–thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) system plays a key role in maintaining the cellular redox balance with Trx being over-expressed in a number of cancers. Inhibition of TrxR is an important strategy for anti-cancer drug discovery. The natural product pleurotin is a well-known irreversible inhibitor of TrxR. The cytotoxicity data for benzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-ones showed very strong correlation (Pearson correlation coefficients ∼0.8) to pleurotin using National Cancer Institute COMPARE analysis. A new 3-CF3 substituted benzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-one gave submicromolar inhibition of TrxR, although the parent compound 1,3-diphenylbenzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-one was more cytotoxic against cancer cell lines. Benzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-ones exhibited different types of reversible inhibition of TrxR, and cyclic voltammetry showed characteristic quasi-reversible redox processes. Cell viability studies indicated strong dependence of cytotoxicity on substitution at the 6-position of the 1,3-diphenylbenzo[1,2,4]triazin-7-one ring.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0968-0896
Date of Acceptance: 29 May 2016
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 15:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/128751

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