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Ammonia from steelworks

Valera Medina, Agustin and Roldan, Alberto 2020. Ammonia from steelworks. In: Inamuddin, , Boddula, Rajender and Asiri, Abdulah eds. Sustainable Ammonia Production, Green Energy and Technology, Springer, pp. 69-80. (10.1007/978-3-030-35106-9_4)
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Abstract

Ammonia has been produced over the last centuries in several ways, with the Haber–Bosch process leading current production due to its efficiency and feasible deployment. However, previous to the leading positioning of the Haber–Bosch process, ammonia used to be manufactured using coal-based gas works. Coke, a remnant of the process, has been widely used for steel production processes, thus making reasonable the integration of these gas facilities into the production of steel for better economic profiles. Although this ammonia production process is currently used only in a minor share of the total ammonia market, there are locations where it is still employed to obtain the chemical for fertilizing applications. This chapter is dedicated to the production of ammonia from such steelworks, detailing some of the history, fundamental and current trends behind the process that set the foundations of ammonia as one of the main global chemicals. Steel, which will still be produced over decades, can indirectly provide a chemical that supports a more sustainable agenda if better process integration is achieved, minimizing emissions and energy losses.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783030351052
ISSN: 1865-3529
Funders: FLEXIS
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 January 2020
Date of Acceptance: 10 January 2020
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2020 16:53
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/128477

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