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Gender appropriateness of field days in knowledge generation and adoption of push-pull technology in eastern Africa

Murage, A.W., Pittchar, J.O., Midega, C.A.O., Onyango, C.O., Pickett, J.A. and Khan, Z.R. 2019. Gender appropriateness of field days in knowledge generation and adoption of push-pull technology in eastern Africa. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 83 (4) , pp. 289-306. 10.1080/00128325.2019.1644145
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Abstract

Adoption studies have identified gender as one of the factors that determine technology uptake and this has been linked to women’s access to farming information or lack of it. Technology scaling up systems should utilise pathways that are compatible with the needs of rural women, who have to juggle farming with other household chores. Unfortunately, there has been limited effort to evaluate the suitability of the information pathways used to specific gender. The current study evaluates the appropriateness of field days with respect to gender of the participants. Data were collected from selected farmers who attended field days in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania in 2014. A total of 2 615 participants were interviewed out of 6 221 who attended field days. Descriptive analysis and ordered probit and logit models were used for analysis. The majority of the participants in Kenya and Tanzania were women (51.3% and 62.6%, respectively), whereas in Uganda the majority of participants were men (57.4%). Most participants were middle aged (42 years for women and 45 years for men). The majority of the women (54.1%) had primary level education, with only 29.1% having secondary education, whereas 41% and 40.1% of men had attained primary and secondary education, respectively. The results from the econometric models shows that gender, age, education, being push-pull farmers, perceptions on Striga severity were the main significant determinants of knowledge for the ordered probit. Conversely, gender of the participant, perception on stemborers and Striga weed severity and having mobile phones were the significant determinants of willingness to adopt. The two models were significant at 1% (p < 0.001). The significance of the gender variable in the two models shows that women farmers understood more about push-pull (coefficient of ordered probit = −0.112) when trained during field days. Furthermore, the willingness to adopt push-pull after the training was much higher for women (coefficient of logit = −0.367) compared with men. The findings demonstrate that field days can be more appropriate for training farmers, especially women who are often disadvantaged in information access, as a result of their socio-economic circumstances.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
ISSN: 0012-8325
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 29 November 2019
Date of Acceptance: 10 October 2019
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2019 10:29
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/127238

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