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Quantification of surface GalNAc ligands decorating nanostructured lipid carriers by UPLC-ELSD

Gauthier, Laura, Varache, Mathieu, Couffin, Anne-Claude, Lebrun, Colette, Delangle, Pascale, Gateau, Christelle and Texier, Isabelle 2019. Quantification of surface GalNAc ligands decorating nanostructured lipid carriers by UPLC-ELSD. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 20 (22) , 5669. 10.3390/ijms20225669

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Nanoparticles have been extensively studied for drug delivery and targeting to specific organs. The functionalization of the nanoparticle surface by site-specific ligands (antibodies, peptides, saccharides) can ensure efficient recognition and binding with relevant biological targets. One of the main challenges in the development of these decorated nanocarriers is the accurate quantification of the amount of ligands on the nanoparticle surface. In this study, nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) were functionalized with N-acetyl-D-galactosamine (GalNAc) units, known to target the asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR). Different molar percentages of GalNAc-functionalized surfactant (0%, 2%, 5%, and 14%) were used in the formulation. Based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography separation and evaporative light-scattering detection (UPLC-ELSD), an analytical method was developed to specifically quantify the amount of GalNAc units present at the NLC surface. This method allowed the accurate quantification of GalNAc surfactant and therefore gave some insights into the structural parameters of these multivalent ligand systems. Our data show that the GalNAc decorated NLC possess large numbers of ligands at their surface and suitable distances between them for efficient multivalent interaction with the ASGPR, and therefore promising liver-targeting efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1661-6596
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 November 2019
Date of Acceptance: 9 November 2019
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2019 11:45

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