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A case of treatment resistance and complications in a patient with stiff person syndrome and cerebellar ataxia

Jones, Lliwen, Baber, Wagaar, Wardle, Mark, Robertson, Neil, Morris, Huw, Church, Alistair, Llewelyn, John and Peall, Kathryn 2019. A case of treatment resistance and complications in a patient with stiff person syndrome and cerebellar ataxia. Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements 9 10.7916/tohm.v0.677

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Abstract

Background: Antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) are associated with Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS). Case report: A 50-year-old woman presented with symptoms progressed over 9 years, resulting in a cerebellar ataxia and right upper limb tremor. Investigations revealed elevated serum and CSF anti-GAD antibody titres (98.6 and 53.4 μ/ml, respectively). Treatment included intravenous immunoglobulin and immunomodulation (infliximab and rituximab), improving her stiffness, but with no impact on the ataxia-related symptoms. Subsequent high-dose steroids led to diabetic ketoacidosis and unmasking of an insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Discussion: This case illustrates several key features: (1) the combined clinical picture of SPS and cerebellar ataxia is a rare phenotype associated with anti-GAD antibodies; (2) the cerebellar ataxia described was progressive and poorly responsive to immunomodulatory therapy; and (3) the potential for development of further autoimmune sequelae in response to immunosuppression, namely, the development of insulin-dependent diabetes in response to treatment with high-dose oral steroids.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Publisher: Columbia University, Library/Information Service
ISSN: 2160-8288
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 11 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 12 August 2019
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 14:40
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/125986

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