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The application of frameworks for measuring social vulnerability and resilience to geophysical hazards within developing countries: A systematic review and narrative synthesis

Ran, Jing, MacGillivray, Brian, Gong, Yi and Hales, Tristram 2020. The application of frameworks for measuring social vulnerability and resilience to geophysical hazards within developing countries: A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Science of the Total Environment 711 , 134486. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134486

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Abstract

Quantifying and mapping resilience and social vulnerability is a widely used technique to support risk management, with recent years seeing a proliferation of applications across the Global South. To synthesise this emerging literature, we conducted a systematic review of applications of social vulnerability and resilience frameworks in Lower and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) using the PRISMA methodology. 2152 papers were extracted from 16 databases and then screened according to our pre-defined criteria, leaving 68 studies for full text analysis. Our analysis revealed that: (1) Most studies consider vulnerability or resilience to be generic properties of social systems; (2) Few papers measured vulnerability or resilience in a way that tests whether they are relatively stable or dynamic features of social systems; (3) Many applications rely on stock applications of existing frameworks, with little adaptation to specific cultural, societal or economic contexts; (4) There is a lack of systematic validation; (5) More hypothesis-driven studies (as opposed to descriptive mapping exercises) are required in order to develop a better understanding of the mechanisms through which vulnerability and resilience shape the capacity to prepare for, respond and recover from disasters.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Medicine
Sustainable Places Research Institute (PLACES)
Psychology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0048-9697
Funders: NERC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 October 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 September 2019
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2020 01:23
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/125873

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