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Platelet heterogeneity in activation-induced glycoprotein shedding: functional effects

Baaten, Constance C. F. M. J., Swieringa, Frauke, Misztal, Tomasz, Mastenbroek, Tom G., Feijge, Marion A. H., Bock, Paul E., Donners, Marjo M. P. C., Collins, Peter W., Li, Renhao, van der Meijden, Paola E. J. and Heemskerk, Johan W. M. 2018. Platelet heterogeneity in activation-induced glycoprotein shedding: functional effects. Blood Advances 2 (18) , pp. 2320-2331. 10.1182/bloodadvances.2017011544

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The platelet receptors glycoprotein Ibα (GPIbα) and GPVI are known to be cleaved by members of a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) family (ADAM10 and ADAM17), but the mechanisms and consequences of this shedding are not well understood. Our results revealed that (1) glycoprotein shedding is confined to distinct platelet populations showing near-complete shedding, (2) the heterogeneity between (non)shed platelets is independent of agonist type but coincides with exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS), and (3) distinct pathways of shedding are induced by elevated Ca2+, low Ca2+ protein kinase C (PKC), or apoptotic activation. Furthermore, we found that receptor shedding reduces binding of von Willebrand factor, enhances binding of coagulation factors, and augments fibrin formation. In response to Ca2+-increasing agents, shedding of GPIbα was abolished by ADAM10/17 inhibition but not by blockage of calpain. Stimulation of PKC induced shedding of only GPIbα, which was annulled by kinase inhibition. The proapoptotic agent ABT-737 induced shedding, which was caspase dependent. In Scott syndrome platelets that are deficient in Ca2+-dependent PS exposure, shedding occurred normally, indicating that PS exposure is not a prerequisite for ADAM activity. In whole-blood thrombus formation, ADAM-dependent glycoprotein shedding enhanced thrombin generation and fibrin formation. Together, these findings indicate that 2 major activation pathways can evoke ADAM-mediated glycoprotein shedding in distinct platelet populations and that shedding modulates platelet function from less adhesive to more procoagulant.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: American Society of Hematology: Blood Advances
ISSN: 2473-9529
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 September 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 August 2018
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 10:00

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