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WARRN – a formulation-based risk assessment process: Its implementation and impact across a whole country

Snowden, Robert, Holt, Jordan, Simkiss, Nicola, Smith, Aimee, Webb, Dan and Gray, Nicola S 2019. WARRN – a formulation-based risk assessment process: Its implementation and impact across a whole country. Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice 14 (6) , pp. 399-410. 10.1108/JMHTEP-03-2019-0016

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Purpose Wales Applied Risk Research Network (WARRN) is a formulation-based technique for the assessment and management of serious risk (e.g. violence to others, suicide, etc.) for users of mental health services. It has been gradually adopted as the risk evaluation and safety-planning technique for all seven health boards in Wales. The purpose of this paper is to examine the opinions of WARRN as used within these health boards. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was disseminated to NHS clinicians in secondary mental health services to evaluate their perceptions of the use and effectiveness of WARRN. Data from 486 clinicians were analysed with both quantitative and qualitative methods. Findings Results indicated that the overall impact of WARRN on secondary mental health care was very positive, with clinicians reporting increased skills in the domains of clinical risk formulation, safety-planning and communication, as well as increased confidence in their skills and abilities in these areas. Clinicians also reported that the “common-language” created by having all NHS health boards in Wales using the same risk assessment process facilitated the communication of safety-planning. Crucially, NHS staff believed that the safety of service users and of the general public had increased due to the adoption of WARRN in their health board and many believed that lives had been saved as a result. Originality/value WARRN is perceived to have improved clinical skills in risk assessment and safety-planning across Wales and saved lives.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Emerald
ISSN: 1755-6228
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 September 2019
Date of Acceptance: 9 September 2019
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 11:54

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