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Recurrent acute kidney injury: predictors and impact in a large population-based cohort

Holmes, Jennifer, Geen, John, Williams, John D and Phillips, Aled O 2019. Recurrent acute kidney injury: predictors and impact in a large population-based cohort. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation , -. 10.1093/ndt/gfz155
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Abstract

Background This study examined the impact of recurrent episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI) on patient outcomes. Methods The Welsh National electronic AKI reporting system was used to identify all cases of AKI in patients ≥18 years of age between April 2015 and September 2018. Patients were grouped according to the number of AKI episodes they experienced with each patient’s first episode described as their index episode. We compared the demography and patient outcomes of those patients with a single AKI episode with those patients with multiple AKI episodes. Analysis included 153 776 AKI episodes in 111 528 patients. Results Of those who experienced AKI and survived their index episode, 29.3% experienced a second episode, 9.9% a third episode and 4.0% experienced fourth or more episodes. Thirty-day mortality for those patients with multiple episodes of AKI was significantly higher than for those patients with a single episode (31.3% versus 24.9%, P < 0.001). Following a single episode, recovery to baseline renal function at 30 days was achieved in 83.6% of patients and was significantly higher than for patients who had repeated episodes (77.8%, P < 0.001). For surviving patients, non-recovery of renal function following any AKI episode was significantly associated with a higher probability of a further AKI episode (33.4% versus 41.0%, P < 0.001). Furthermore, with each episode of AKI the likelihood of a subsequent episode also increased (31.0% versus 43.2% versus 51.2% versus 51.7% following a first, second, third and fourth episode, P < 0.001 for all comparisons). Conclusions The results of this study provide an important contribution to the debate regarding the need for risk stratification for recurrent AKI. The data suggest that such a tool would be useful given the poor patient and renal outcomes associated with recurrent AKI episodes as highlighted by this study.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B
ISSN: 0931-0509
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 5 September 2019
Date of Acceptance: 3 August 2019
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 18:08
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/125290

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