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Smoking, alcohol, wellbeing and academic attainment

Smith, Andrew 2019. Smoking, alcohol, wellbeing and academic attainment. Journal of Health and Medical Sciences 2 (3) , pp. 337-343. 10.31014/aior.1994.02.03.55

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Abstract

Three studies examined associations between smoking, alcohol consumption, wellbeing and academic attainment of university students. Wellbeing was measured using the Student Wellbeing Process Questionnaire (WPQ) and academic attainment measured by the Grade Point Average (GPA) and perceived work efficiency. In the first study frequency of consuming alcohol, alcohol units, consumers versus non-consumers and drinking more than the recommended safe level were examined. 895 university students (95 males, 797 females; 6 % smokers) participated in the study. When established predictors of wellbeing were co-varied, smoking still had significant effect on academic attainment but not wellbeing. There were no significant effects of frequency of alcohol consumption or high/low alcohol units, and no significant interaction between smoking and alcohol group. Non-consumers of alcohol reported higher negative outcomes but greater work efficiency. Those who consumed more alcohol than the recommended safe limit had lower scores for positive well-being, work efficiency and course stress. A second smaller study examined effects of binge drinking. There was only one significant effect. Regular binge drinkers reported lower work efficiency than the less frequent binge drinkers, who in turn reported lower work efficiency than those who never engaged in binge drinking. A final study examined associations between frequency of hangovers, well-being and attainment. The only significant effect was again on work efficiency, with those who regularly had a hangover being less efficient than those who sometimes had a hangover who were less efficient than those who never had a hangover.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Asian Institute of Research
ISSN: 2622-7258
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 September 2019
Date of Acceptance: 24 August 2019
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2019 11:00
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/125205

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