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The association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review

Robertson, Janet, Beyer, Steve, Emerson, Eric, Baines, Susannah and Hatton, Chris 2019. The association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 10.1111/jar.12632
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Abstract

Background There is strong evidence indicating that paid employment is generally good for the physical and mental health of the general population. This systematic review considers the association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities. Methods Studies published from 1990 to 2018 were identified via electronic literature databases, email requests and cross‐citations. Identified studies were reviewed narratively. Results Twelve studies were identified. Studies were generally consistent in reporting an association between being in paid employment and better physical or mental health status. Conclusions This review supports the view that the well‐established association between employment and better health is similar for adults with and without intellectual disabilities. However, evidence establishing causality is lacking and further research to determine specific health benefits attributable to employment for people with intellectual disabilities and the causal pathways that operate is required.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: In Press
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1360-2322
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 August 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 May 2019
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 10:40
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124984

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