Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

A comparative study of the kinematic response and injury metrics associated with adults and children impacted by an auto rickshaw

Al-Graitti, A. J., Khalid, G. A., Berthelson, P. R., Prabhu, R. K. and Jones, M. D. 2019. A comparative study of the kinematic response and injury metrics associated with adults and children impacted by an auto rickshaw. Presented at: CompCom 2019: Intelligent Computing, London, UK, 16-17 July 2019. Published in: Arai, K., Bhatia, R. and Kapoor, S. eds. Intelligent Computing: Proceedings of the 2019 Computing Conference, Volume 1. Springer Verlag, pp. 424-443. 10.1007/978-3-030-22871-2_29

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Child pedestrian-vehicle collisions are a leading public health issue and road safety challenge worldwide with injury risk four times greater in developing countries. The auto rickshaw is a common mode of urban transport in many developing countries and poses a significant risk to pedestrian safety. A comparative study was conducted of the kinematic responses and injury metrics associated with both adults and children impacted by an auto rickshaw. A Finite Element model of an auto rickshaw simulated the impact with two pedestrian Anthropometric Test Devices (ATDs), a 50th percentile adult male Hybrid III and a six-year-old child ATD at velocities between 5 and 40 km/h at front, side and rear pedestrian positions, relative to the vehicle centreline. The simulation outcomes were correlated against reported injury metrics, Head Injury Criterion (front, side and rear) and Neck Injury Criterion in front impacts and compared with pedestrian size. The results suggest that child pedestrians are subject to a relatively high risk of neck injury at velocities in excess of 15 km/h and head injury at velocities in excess of 20 km/h.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783030228705
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2019 11:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/124552

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item