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Fluctuations of the Nodal Length of Random Spherical Harmonics

Wigman, Igor 2010. Fluctuations of the Nodal Length of Random Spherical Harmonics. Communications in Mathematical Physics 298 (3) , pp. 787-831. 10.1007/s00220-010-1078-8

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Using the multiplicities of the Laplace eigenspace on the sphere (the space of spherical harmonics) we endow the space with Gaussian probability measure. This induces a notion of random Gaussian spherical harmonics of degree n having Laplace eigenvalue E = n(n + 1). We study the length distribution of the nodal lines of random spherical harmonics. It is known that the expected length is of order n. It is natural to conjecture that the variance should be of order n, due to the natural scaling. Our principal result is that, due to an unexpected cancelation, the variance of the nodal length of random spherical harmonics is of order log n. This behaviour is consistent with the one predicted by Berry for nodal lines on chaotic billiards (Random Wave Model). In addition we find that a similar result is applicable for “generic” linear statistics of the nodal lines.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0010-3616
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2019 01:57

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