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Characterization of airborne individual particles collected in an urban area, a satellite city and a clean air area in Beijing, 2001

Shi, Zongbo, Shao, Longyi, Jones, Timothy Peter, Whittaker, Andrew Gordon, Lu, Senlin, Berube, Kelly Ann, He, Taoe and Richards, Roy J. 2003. Characterization of airborne individual particles collected in an urban area, a satellite city and a clean air area in Beijing, 2001. Atmospheric Environment 37 (29) , pp. 4047-4108. 10.1016/S1352-2310(03)00531-4

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Abstract

Collection campaigns for PM10 and PM2.5 have been conducted in a northwestern Beijing urban area in monthly periods over 2001, with 7 days collection per month. The samples were also collected simultaneously in a satellite city, Nankou, and a clean air area near the Ming Tombs Reservoir (MTR) over the domestic heating (March) and non-heating (July/August) periods in 2001 (both for one week). To assist the analysis, three types of ‘source’ particulate matter (PM) samples were taken. These consisted of coal combustion ash collected on top of a coke oven; dust storm particles collected during dust storm periods; and roadside PM10 collected on a major road in Beijing. Monitoring results reveal that, in the urban area, particle mass levels were higher in winter than in other seasons. The 1-week/month average PM10 mass levels were over 250 ?gm?3 in winter. The particle mass levels in the satellite city were slightly lower than those at the urban site, and the lowest mass levels occurred at the MTR site. The morphology and chemical composition of individual airborne particles were determined by scanning electron microscopy, and image analysis was employed to study the number-size distributions. The number-size distributions of mineral particles showed that those in the Asia-Dust storm (ADS) collections are mostly coarser than 1 ?m, while mineral particles of the non-ADS collections are predominately finer than 1 ?m. The particles in the respirable (<2.5 ?m) fraction accounted for 99% of the total particles in airborne PM samples. Soot aggregates were generally the most abundant components in airborne PM samples at all three sites. The fly ash (spherical) particles at the MTR site were significantly enriched over the heating period, indicating a domestic coal-burning source.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Biosciences
ISSN: 13522310
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2018 21:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1235

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