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Ceria-zirconia mixed metal oxides prepared via mechanochemical grinding of carbonates for the total oxidation of propane and naphthalene

Shah, Parag M., Burnett, Joseph W. H., Morgan, David J., Davies, Thomas E. and Taylor, Stuart H. 2019. Ceria-zirconia mixed metal oxides prepared via mechanochemical grinding of carbonates for the total oxidation of propane and naphthalene. Catalysts 9 (5) , p. 475. 10.3390/catal9050475

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Abstract

A series of ceria–zirconia mixed metal oxides with varying metal ratios were prepared by the calcination of precursors synthesized by mechanochemical grinding of the metal carbonates, and tested for catalytic naphthalene and propane total combustion. The mechanically-mixed metal oxides were more active for both propane and naphthalene total oxidation compared to the parent metal oxides. Ce0.95Zr0.05Ox was the most active catalyst for the total combustion of propane and naphthalene. Catalysts were characterized by x-ray diffraction, BET surface area, laser Raman spectroscopy, temperature programmed reduction, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray analysis and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. Formation of ceria–zirconia solid solutions was observed for catalysts with a zirconia content of 10% or lower, whereas ceria and zirconia phase separation was observed when zirconia content was above 25%. Surface area increased when ceria and zirconia were mixed, and the reduction temperature of the bulk shifted to lower temperatures upon increasing zirconia content. Incorporation of zirconia was found to increase the relative concentration of surface oxygen defects compared to pure ceria, with low amounts of zirconia showing the greatest increase. The concentration of oxygen defects correlates with propane and naphthalene total oxidation activity. The enhanced total oxidation activity occurs as a result of the increased number of oxygen defects and the higher surface area. The results demonstrate that mechanochemical preparation from carbonate precursors was an effective route to make active catalysts

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2073-4344
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 20 May 2019
Last Modified: 25 May 2019 23:05
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/122820

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