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Prolonged antimicrobial activity of PMMA bone cement with embedded gentamicin-releasing silica nanocarriers

Perni, Stefano, Caserta, Sergio, Pasquino, Rossana, Jones, Steve A. and Prokopovich, Polina 2019. Prolonged antimicrobial activity of PMMA bone cement with embedded gentamicin-releasing silica nanocarriers. ACS Applied Bio Materials 2 (5) , pp. 1850-1861. 10.1021/acsabm.8b00752
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Abstract

Antibiotic laden bone cements are regularly employed to prevent infections after joint replacement surgeries. We have developed silica nanocarriers loaded with gentamicin as a drug delivery system to be dispersed in poly methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) bone cement for controlling and extending the release of the antibiotic from bone cements, thus proving a prolonged antimicrobial activity. Layer-by-layer self-assembly was used to deposit gentamicin between alginate layers and two different poly β-amino esters on the silica nanoparticles. The release of gentamicin from PMMA bone cement containing silica nanocarriers continued for about 30 days compared to 6 days when the same amount of antibiotic was added as a pure powder (as in commercial formulations); moreover, the medium containing the released antimicrobial drug was capable of preventing the growth of numerous bacteria species responsible for prosthetic joint infections (both catalogue strains and clinical isolates) for longer periods of time than in the case of commercial formulations, thus confirming the extended antimicrobial properties of the drug once released from the carrier. No detrimental effects toward human osteoblasts were also observed; moreover, bone cement material characteristics such as curing time, water uptake, and mechanical properties were unaffected when the silica nanocarriers were added.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 2576-6422
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 May 2019
Date of Acceptance: 4 April 2019
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 03:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/122612

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