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Acute tryptophan depletion attenuates conscious appraisal of social emotional signals in healthy female volunteers

Beacher, F.D.C.C., Gray, M.A., Minati, L., Whale, R., Harrison, N.A. and Critchley, H.D. 2011. Acute tryptophan depletion attenuates conscious appraisal of social emotional signals in healthy female volunteers. Psychopharmacology 213 (2-3) , pp. 603-613. 10.1007/s00213-010-1897-5

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Abstract

RationaleAcute tryptophan depletion (ATD) decreases levels of central serotonin. ATD thus enables the cognitive effects of serotonin to be studied, with implications for the understanding of psychiatric conditions, including depression.ObjectiveTo determine the role of serotonin in conscious (explicit) and unconscious/incidental processing of emotional information.Materials and methodsA randomized, double-blind, cross-over design was used with 15 healthy female participants. Subjective mood was recorded at baseline and after 4 h, when participants performed an explicit emotional face processing task, and a task eliciting unconscious processing of emotionally aversive and neutral images presented subliminally using backward masking.ResultsATD was associated with a robust reduction in plasma tryptophan at 4 h but had no effect on mood or autonomic physiology. ATD was associated with significantly lower attractiveness ratings for happy faces and attenuation of intensity/arousal ratings of angry faces. ATD also reduced overall reaction times on the unconscious perception task, but there was no interaction with emotional content of masked stimuli. ATD did not affect breakthrough perception (accuracy in identification) of masked images.ConclusionsATD attenuates the attractiveness of positive faces and the negative intensity of threatening faces, suggesting that serotonin contributes specifically to the appraisal of the social salience of both positive and negative salient social emotional cues. We found no evidence that serotonin affects unconscious processing of negative emotional stimuli. These novel findings implicate serotonin in conscious aspects of active social and behavioural engagement and extend knowledge regarding the effects of ATD on emotional perception.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0033-3158
Last Modified: 15 May 2019 10:15
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/121411

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