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"What would you recommend doctor?"- Discourse analysis of a moment of dissonance when sharing decisions in clinical consultations

Sherlock, Rebecca, Wood, Fiona, Joseph-Williams, Natalie, Williams, Denitza, Hyam, Joanna, McGarrigle, Helen, Sweetland, Helen and Edwards, Adrian 2019. "What would you recommend doctor?"- Discourse analysis of a moment of dissonance when sharing decisions in clinical consultations. Health Expectations 22 (3) , pp. 547-554. 10.1111/hex.12881

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Abstract

Background Proven benefits of Shared Decision Making (SDM) include improved patient knowledge, involvement and confidence in making decisions. Although widely advocated in policy, SDM is still not widely implemented in practice. A common patient‐reported barrier is feeling that “doctor knows best”; thus, patients often defer decisions to the clinician. Objective To examine the nature of the discourse when patients ask clinicians for a treatment recommendation during consultations when treatment decisions are being shared and to examine clinicians’ strategies used in response. Design, Setting and Participants Theme‐orientated discourse analysis was performed on eight audio‐recordings of breast cancer diagnostic consultations in which patients or their partners attempted to defer treatment decisions to the clinician. Clinicians were trained in SDM. Results Tension was evident in a number of consultations when treatment recommendations were requested. Clinicians responded to recommendation requests by explaining why the decision was being shared (personal nature of the decision, individual preferences and equivalent survival outcomes of treatment options). There was only one instance where a clinician gave a treatment recommendation. Discussion and Conclusions Strategies for clinicians to facilitate SDM when patients seem to defer decisional responsibility include being clear about why the decision is being shared, acknowledging that this is difficult and making patients feel supported. When patients seek guidance, clinicians can provide a recommendation if grounded in an understanding of the patient's values.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1369-6513
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 March 2019
Date of Acceptance: 31 January 2019
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2019 22:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/120338

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