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A comparison of the plaque-inhibitory properties of stannous fluoride and low-concentration chlorhexidine mouthrinses

Claydon, N., Smith, S., Stiller, S., Newcombe, R.G. and Addy, M. 2002. A comparison of the plaque-inhibitory properties of stannous fluoride and low-concentration chlorhexidine mouthrinses. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 29 (12) , pp. 1072-1077. 10.1034/j.1600-051X.2002.291204.x

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Abstract

Background: Plaque inhibition by chlorhexidine (CHX) rinses is dose related with a relatively flat dose–response curve above 5–6 mg twice daily. Low dose regimens could therefore reduce local side effects but maintain reasonable efficacy. Aims: To compare the plaque inhibitory properties of two low‐dose CHX rinse products with more conventional levels delivered from proprietary rinses. A secondary outcome was a comparison with a stannous fluoride/amine fluoride (SFAF) rinse product. Methods: The study was a five‐treatments, negative controlled, randomised, single blind crossover design balanced for residual effects, involving 20 healthy subjects in a 24‐h plaque re‐growth model. On day 1 of each study period, subjects were rendered plaque free, suspended tooth cleaning and followed the appropriate rinse regimen. On day 2, subjects were scored for plaque by index and area. The rinse codes and rinsing regimens were: (A) 15 mg CHX 2 × daily for 30 s (0.1% CHX), (B) 9 mg CHX 2 × daily for 60 s (0.06% CHX), (C) 10 ml SFAF rinse 1 × daily for 30 s, (D) 15 ml placebo 2 × daily for 60 s, and (E) 6 mg CHX 2 × daily for 30 s (0.06% CHX). Results: Average mouth plaque indices and areas were highly significantly different between rinsing regimens. All test rinses were significantly more effective than the placebo rinse. There was a mean dose–response pattern for the CHX rinses, but there were no statistically significant differences between any of the test rinses. Conclusions: Lower doses of chlorhexidine in rinses can be used to exert plaque inhibition comparable with products used at higher doses and equivalent to benchmark products such as the SFAF rinse. However, the availability of chlorhexidine from formulations has to be considered as in part explaining the results.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0303-6979
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2019 14:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/118050

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