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Prevalence of gingival recession and study of associated related factors in young UK adults

Seong, J., Bartlett, D., Newcombe, R.G., Claydon, N.C.A., Hellin, N. and West, N.X. 2018. Prevalence of gingival recession and study of associated related factors in young UK adults. Journal of Dentistry 76 , pp. 58-67. 10.1016/j.jdent.2018.06.005

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Objectives To determine the prevalence of gingival recession (GR) and associations with dentine hypersensitivity (DH), erosive toothwear (BEWE), gingival bleeding (BOP) and periodontal pocketing (PPD) in young European adults. Materials and Methods This is a secondary analysis using data collected from 350 UK participants enrolled in a European cross sectional study of 3187 young adults. GR, BOP, PPD, DH (participant and clinician assessment) and BEWE were recorded. A questionnaire assessed demographics, oral hygiene and lifestyle habits. Results 349 participants completed the study. GR, BOP and PPD showed the same pattern of distribution, prevalence increasing from incisors to molars in upper and lower arches for buccal and palatal scores. Every participant exhibited recession affecting at least 1 tooth, 42% having a maximum recession of 4–8 mm. There was a significant and linear association demonstrating an increase in maximum recession with age. DH and BEWE produced a similar pattern to buccal periodontal indices, the premolars being most affected. Maximum recession correlated significantly with maximum DH (participant and Schiff), PPD, BOP, BEWE (scores of 2/3), BMI (≥25 kg/m2) and unsystematic brushing motion. 94% of the study population exhibited some BOP at one or more sites. 5% of the population had periodontal pocketing ≥4 mm, 46% had DH and 80% BEWE 2/3. Conclusion Widespread recession and gingivitis with minimal periodontal disease was observed. Every participant exhibited at least one tooth with recession. Many teeth did not exhibit DH despite prevalent recession and severe erosive toothwear. Recession correlates to a number of oral and lifestyle variables. Clinical Significance Recession in young adults is multifactorial and highly prevalent. It can result in DH and consequential increase in demand for treatment relating to both pain and aesthetics. Further research is needed to understand the underlying aetiology to prevent recession occurring.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0300-5712
Date of Acceptance: 18 June 2018
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 18:18

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