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Culture and its influences on dental education

Chuenjitwongsa, S., Bullock, Alison and Oliver, R. G. 2018. Culture and its influences on dental education. European Journal of Dental Education 22 (1) , pp. 57-66. 10.1111/eje.12244

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Abstract

Introduction Culture is an important factor influencing how students develop learning and how educators provide support to students. The aim of this paper is to explore a concept of national European cultures, and relationships between culture and educational practice with the intention of helping the dental profession gain a better understanding of effective teaching and learning in dentistry. Content Culture represents the collective behaviours, values and beliefs of people in a society. How people react to education is partly explained by culture. Students utilise different culturally based strategies to develop learning. We apply Hofstede's model to explore European cultures and implications for dental education and educational practice. Most Western students possess assimilating learning styles enabling them to learn effectively in student‐centred contexts while most Eastern students have accommodating learning styles and are more familiar with teacher‐centred learning. Eastern students may need to adapt their approach to learning to better benefit from student‐centred learning. Conclusion Culture influences students’ learning and educational practice. Dental educators should be aware of such influences and provide support that acknowledges students’ different cultural backgrounds. Cultural competence is fundamental for effective teaching and learning in dentistry

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Unit for Research and Evaluation in Medical and Dental Education (CUREMeDE)
Dentistry
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1396-5883
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 April 2019
Date of Acceptance: 24 September 2016
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2019 13:27
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/117249

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