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Blade element momentum theory to predict the effect of wave-current interactions on the performance of tidal stream turbines

Ordonez-Sanchez, Stephanie, Porter, Kate, Allmark, Matthew, Johnstone, Cameron and O'Doherty, Timothy 2018. Blade element momentum theory to predict the effect of wave-current interactions on the performance of tidal stream turbines. Presented at: AWTEC, Taipei, 9-13 September 2018. AWTEC 2018 Conference Proceedings. AWTEC , vol. 4th.

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Abstract

The durability and reliability of tidal energy systems can be compromised by the harsh environments that tidal stream turbines need to withstand. These loadings will increase substantially if the turbines are deployed in exposed sites where high magnitude waves will affect the turbine in combination with tidal currents. The loadings affecting the turbines can be modelled using various numerical or analytical methods; each of them have their own advantages and disadvantages. To understand the limitations arising with the use of numerical solutions, the outcomes can be verified with practical work. In this paper, a Blade Element Momentum model is used to predict the performance of a scaled turbine in a flume and a tow tank. The analytical and experimental work is analysed for a turbine operating at flow speeds of 0.5 and 1.0 m/s, wave heights of 0.2 m and 0.4 m and wave periods of 1.5 s and 1.7 s. Good agreement between the model and the experimental work was observed when comparing the fast flow data sets. However, the model tend to under predict the maximum and minimum values obtained in the experiments. When looking at the results at low flow velocities, the agreement between the average and time series was poorer.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Last Modified: 30 May 2019 21:58
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/116870

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