Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Striking reduction in neurons and glial cells in anterior thalamic nuclei of older patients with Down's syndrome

Perry, J, Pakkenberg, B and Vann, Seralynne 2019. Striking reduction in neurons and glial cells in anterior thalamic nuclei of older patients with Down's syndrome. Neurobiology of Aging 75 , pp. 54-61. 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2018.11.009

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

The anterior thalamic nuclei are important for spatial and episodic memory, however, surprisingly little is known about the status of these nuclei in neurological conditions that present with memory impairments, such as Down syndrome. We quantified neurons and glial cells in the anterior thalamic nuclei of four older patients with Down syndrome. There was a striking reduction in the volume of the anterior thalamic nuclei and this appeared to reflect the loss of approximately 70% of neurons. The number of glial cells was also reduced but to a lesser degree than neurons. The anterior thalamic nuclei appear to be particularly sensitive to effects of aging in Down syndrome and the pathology in this region likely contributes to the memory impairments observed. These findings reaffirm the importance of examining the status of the anterior thalamic nuclei in conditions where memory impairments have been principally assigned to pathology in the medial temporal lobe.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0197-4580
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 November 2018
Date of Acceptance: 12 November 2018
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2019 12:37
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/116702

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics