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A multicentRE observational analysiS of PErsistenCe to Treatment in the new multiple sclerosis era: the RESPECT study

Lanzillo, Roberta, Prosperini, Luca, Gasperini, Claudio, Moccia, Marcello, Fantozzi, Roberta, Tortorella, Carla, Nociti, Viviana, Annovazzi, Pietro, Cavalla, Paola, Radaelli, Marta, Malucchi, Simona, Clerici, Valentina Torri, Boffa, Laura, Buttari, Fabio, Ragonese, Paolo, Maniscalco, Giorgia Teresa, Di Filippo, Massimiliano, Buscarinu, Maria Chiara, Pinardi, Federica, Gallo, Antonio, Coghe, Giancarlo, Pesci, Ilaria, Laroni, Alice, Gajofatto, Alberto, Calabrese, Massimiliano, Tomassini, Valentina, Cocco, Eleonora and Solaro, Claudio 2018. A multicentRE observational analysiS of PErsistenCe to Treatment in the new multiple sclerosis era: the RESPECT study. Journal of Neurology 265 (5) , pp. 1174-1183. 10.1007/s00415-018-8831-x

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Abstract

In this independent, multicenter, retrospective study, we investigated the short-term persistence to treatment with first-line self-injectable or oral disease-modifying treatments (DMTs) in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis. Data of patients regularly attending 21 Italian MS Centres who started a self-injectable or an oral DMT in 2015 were collected to: (1) estimate the proportion of patients discontinuing the treatment; (3) explore reasons for discontinuation; (3) identify baseline predictors of treatment discontinuation over a follow-up period of 12 months. We analyzed data of 1832 consecutive patients (1289 women, 543 men); 374 (20.4%) of them discontinued the prescribed DMT after a median time of 6 months (range 3 days to 11.5 months) due to poor tolerability (n = 163; 43.6%), disease activity (n = 95; 25.4%), adverse events (n = 64; 17.1%), convenience (i.e. availability of new drug formulations) and pregnancy planning (n = 21; 1.1%). Although the proportion of discontinuers was higher with self-injectable (n = 107; 22.9%) than with oral DMT (n = 215; 16.4%), the Cox regression model revealed no significant between-group difference (p = 0.12). Female sex [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.39, p = 0.01] and previous exposure to ≥ 3 DMTs (HR = 1.71, p = 0.009) were two independent risk factors for treatment discontinuation, regardless of prescribed DMTs. Our study confirms that persistence to treatment represents a clinical challenge, irrespective of the route of administration.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0340-5354
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 October 2018
Date of Acceptance: 11 April 2018
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 05:36
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/116010

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